Haemophilus Influenzae Vaccine
What is the HIB vaccine?
The Hib vaccine protects against the Haemophilus influenza type b infection found in adults and children world-wide. The Hib vaccine is highly recommended for children, especially if traveling as children can contract Hib-related diseases by coming in close contact with other children or adults who have this bacterium. Hib bacteria may lead to diseases including pneumonia, meningitis, cellulitis, arthritis, epiglottitis, and lower respiratory tract infections.
Since routine Hib vaccination began for children, the number of Hib-related disease cases has happily decreased over 99% making it an extremely effective vaccination that protects those who are susceptible to the disease. It is important, especially in developing countries, to receive this vaccination before travel as it protects the bacterium from spreading to those who have not had the vaccine administered.
What the vaccine protects against:
The Hib vaccine is believed to fight against the following infections and diseases:
Pneumonia – Pneumonia is commonly known as a lung infection often accompanied by coughing, difficulty breathing, chest pain, fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. Pneumonia is caused by a variety of microbes, including Hib and can be potentially fatal for young children, the elderly and others who have been diagnosed with immune system diseases. Pneumonia may be life threatening, and over 50,000 cases were fatal in the United States during 2014 with more fatal cases world-wide.
Meningitis – Meningitis is an inflammation and swelling of brain and spinal membranes and is incredibly painful for those who have been infected. Meningitis may be life threatening hours after contraction with symptoms including: mental confusion, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, and headaches.
Epiglottises – Epiglottitis inflammation of the epiglottis, the flap located above the larynx. Inflammation may accompany with a sore throat, high fever, drooling, difficulty swallowing, and other symptoms. Epiglottitis is potentially life-threatening.
Septic/Infectious Arthritis – Septic or infectious arthritis, or inflammation of the joints, caused by infection. Septic arthritis is extremely painful and may be accompanied by fatigue, fever, and chills. Some cases lead to immobility.
Importance for travel:
Hib vaccination is crucial for children that are traveling. It is also important that adults with certain conditions be vaccinated to protect themselves and others from contracting painful and sometimes fatal diseases associated with a Hib infection. Our team of trained physicians will give you the necessary information regarding administering the vaccination along with the importance of being vaccinated while traveling.
About the injection
The Hib vaccine is given in the upper arm and in some cases may be given in conjunction with other vaccines. Mild side effects may include redness, swelling, and soreness. These side effects may occur immediately after the shot, and are generally uncommon. If you experience any symptoms contact our Los Angeles clinic and speak to one of our physicians about your symptoms.
Countries where the vaccine is encouraged:
- Saudi Arabia
- Sub-Saharan African nations (South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho)
MyConciergeMD vaccination clinic
Traveling is exciting, and there is a lot to consider before making your travel arrangements. Your checklist should include a consultation at MyConciergeMD to speak with a trained physician about the vaccinations needed or suggested at least 4-6 weeks before you travel. Your health is important to us and we want to make sure you are protecting yourself and your family against potentially life threatening diseases you might come into contact with. Call our travel vaccination clinic today and set up a time to review your travel agenda, vaccination records and schedule an appointment to get up to date on your vaccinations.